Ellida Parker and Talya Drazen
Woodrow Wilson High School
Topic 3: Implementation of the United Nations' Sustainable Developement Goals
Uganda believes the implementation of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development goals to be of paramount importance to both the future of Uganda and the future of the world. The effects of climate change and environmental degradation are devastating to the planet as a whole, but especially to Least Developed Countries like Uganda, whose economy relies on agriculture. Countries in the developing world do not have the means to handle the devastating effects of climate change, and are therefore particularly susceptible to its consequences.
Because of this, Uganda is eager to be active in all efforts to combat effects of environmental degradation and climate change that are already prevalent, as well as all efforts to work towards a sustainable future. Uganda reaffirms its ardent support for the Paris Agreement, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and African Union’s Agenda 2063. Uganda recognizes that the restoration of degraded lands and the adoption of integrated landscape management (ILM) is essential in the process of mitigating climate change’s impacts and ensuring a promising future for agriculture in Africa: Uganda applauds the work of NEPAD in this respect specifically. In addition, Uganda supports initiatives including, but not limited to, the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative and the African Landscapes Action Plan.
Uganda believes that in order to implement the SDGs in developing countries, limiting population growth must be a primary objective. The rapidly-growing population in Uganda and other Least Developed Countries will have a damaging strain on the already-limited supply of arable land and natural resources. Poverty, hunger, the spread of epidemic disease, and the situation of vulnerable people in LDCs will only worsen if the population remains unchecked. Uganda supports reasonable efforts to limit population growth in LDCs, including improved sexual education in schools and increased distribution of contraception. Uganda currently has the fifth highest Total Fertility Rate in the world: 5.8 children born per woman. Gender inequalities make the reduction of the Total Fertility Rate difficult: for this reason, among many others, Uganda is proud to be working towards female empowerment and gender equality.
Uganda appreciates the assistance of the UN member nations towards developing countries , which is outlined in the 2030 Agenda: “[implementation of these goals] will include the mobilization of financial resources as well as capacity-building and the transfer of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed.” The Agenda also states that “each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development,” and Uganda is eager fulfill this responsibility. In order to mobilize all the financial resources available within the nation itself, Uganda is encouraging an increase in private sector participation in implementation of the goals, along with improved communication and cooperation between civil society, the public sector, citizens of Uganda, and the private sector. Uganda looks forward to devising constructive methods to finance sustainable industrialization and sustainable agriculture, in the hopes that implementation of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals can be accelerated and accomplished in the most efficient way possible.