General Assembly Historical Committee
Central American Development (White Paper)
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Isaac Boris, Carl Morison
In the wake of colonization and exploitation for centuries, Central America is very politically and economically unstable. United States actions have been particularly bad for the region, as they have backed coups against leftist leaders, and have supported proxy wars against socialist groups like the FMLN in El Salvador. These wars have been devastating, and led to tens of thousands of refugees leaving Cuba and Haiti. Human rights violations have also been a major issue during these political wars. Numerous forms of government are being discussed at the moment, and democracy is being thrown around as the likely solution to the instability. Fortunately, this decade could be beneficial to economic growth and political stability. After the political turmoil from the 1950’s through 80’s, new solutions need to be crafted now. Full resolutions needs to be found, providing strong political structures beneficial to their situation, preferably involving socialist ideals.
Strong socialist governments are the best solution for the development of this region. Central America has been heavily exploited by Western capitalist countries economically throughout history, and socialism would begin to erase the huge economic inequality ushered in by American influence. For example, the strong socialist government in Cuba could be used as a role model, led by Fidel Castro. It displayed the path developing countries in Central America and the Caribbean could take to create long lasting stability. However, the embargo placed by the United States slowed this progress, and turned it backwards, leading to an economic crash, a GDP drop of 34%, and a disastrous refugee crisis. Furthermore, Haiti’s huge refugee crisis is also the result of capitalist ideas, since the left-leaning democratically elected president was recently forced out in a coup d’état. Actions against the FMLN and UNRG have also led to huge instability in the region, even though they represent the people’s best interest and are widely supported. The FMLN in El Salvador and the UNRG in Guatemala need to be recognized as a legitimate political party in their respective countries. Furthermore, these countries need strong governments to protect themselves from more American exploitation and potential coups. While we cannot force left-leaning governments onto these regions, we can take steps to ensure that the governments do not attempt to suppress socialist opposition.
As a possible, and beneficial solution, the DPRK would like to propose that socialist parties and groups in Central America be given a role in government to help development. Thus, the DPRK calls for a resolution which legitimizes the FMLN and UNRG and guarantees them a role in the government. This would also help ease tensions in the region, and contribute to the end of the wars. The DPRK would support left-leaning governments that are chosen by the people, as a recognition of state’s rights to self-determination. The DPRK would also support a resolution that would give debt forgiveness to Haiti and allow refugees from Haiti and Cuba to immigrate to neighboring countries, like the US. Finally, human rights violations by all parties should be pardoned, as accusations of human rights violations merely deflect attention from the real conflict and foster more resentment.