Libertyville High School
Historical Security Council (Argentina)
Topic One: Rwanda and the Arusha Peace Agreement (White Paper)
Without question, the Republic of Rwanda is at a crossroads. As the situation in Rwanda currently stands, ethnic tensions rooted in centuries of animosity between the Hutu and Tutsi people are nearing a boiling point. What is now “only” a Civil War has the potential to become a bloody genocide at any time -- despite the best efforts of the United Nations Security Council.
The Argentine Republic condemns the violence taking place in Rwanda. First and foremost, Argentina is strongly of the opinion that there is no justification whatsoever for the violence and human rights violations that are becoming commonplace in Rwanda. That is not to say that the present situation is without cause, but to suggest that the violence is in any way appropriate is, quite simply, ludicrous. Of course, all human rights violations must be thoroughly investigated when the time is right, but suffice it to say that there are currently more pressing issues in Rwanda.
Argentina applauds all efforts by the Security Council to limit violence in Rwanda as much as possible. While it was not a Security Council member last year, it applauds the Council work for its establishment of the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR). In fact, Argentina advocates for an even larger role for the UNAMIR, viewing the organization as absolutely essential for a peaceful transition to peace in the country. Furthermore, Argentina proudly reaffirms its support for Security Council Resolution 893, which calls for the expansion of the UNAMIR and encouragement of the re-establishment of the Arusha Accords. Argentina considers the Arusha Accords to be the most perfect solution possible, and urges the government of Rwanda and the Rwandan Patriotic Front to cease their senseless violence and implement the Arusha Accords once again to ensure stability in the country. Both have deep passions for their homeland, so it is in the best interests of both the government and the RPF to work together to preserve it. Any minor, necessary tweaks that must be made to establish trust between the Rwandan government and the RPF would be welcomed. In particular, specific ways to finance the Accords, stricter methods of ensuring that the Rwandan government and the RPF are each following through, and more humanitarian aid are all essential for the Accords’ success. That said, Argentina strongly endorses the message of the Arusha Accords and would advocate for a similar compromise, one allowing for both the current government and the RPF to share power. This would have the powerful effect of creating a multilateral government in Rwanda and ending unilateral dominance by either the Hutu or the Tutsi, for if either group was in power, it would certainly persecute the other. By creating a government with representatives from each, Argentina hopes to end the hatred between the two sides that has plagued Rwanda for much of its history.
Of course, the first step to re-implementing a revised version of the Arusha Accords is securing a ceasefire. While Argentina acknowledges the severe hatred between Rwanda’s two dominant ethnic groups, it refuses to abandon hope that another negotiation session can be secured. As for arranging these all-important negotiations, Argentina once again looks to the Arusha Accords. In the opinion of Argentina, one of their great successes was the process by which they were negotiated -- that is, under supervision of several foreign countries as well as the Organization of African Unity. By maintaining a secure environment in a neutral location, the two sides were able to hold productive negotiations, even though they produced ultimately unsuccessful peace agreements this time around. Once a productive environment can be created, Argentina firmly believes that peace is a possibility, and that, with the guidance of the international community, Rwanda can prevent its situation from worsening to the point of a genocide.