Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY Mongolia UNGA 2016 - Topic 2

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Improving Conditions for Refugees and Immigrants - White Paper

The Delegation of Mongolia is very concerned regarding the treatment of immigrants and refugees. Even with the instillation of the UNHCR in 1950, there will always be refugee crisis. There will always be plenty of immigrants. Each nation should have agendas put in place to harbor these refugees if need be. While Mongolia currently does not have a plan in place to deal with incoming refugees, the delegation realizes the significance and importance of this issue. It is currently difficult for the delegation of Mongolia to help refugees and immigrants in the country because Mongolia has not yet ratified any international conventions addressing the rights of refugees. Mongolia’s immigrants and refugees move throughout the country significantly. Due to the inability to document these refugees, these persons are living without proper housing, which is in violation of their rights. About one third of Ulaanbaatar's Ger districts are housing refugees and immigrants. These refugees are from any number of crises throughout Europe, but the vast majority are from Yugoslavia during their refugee crisis. It is extremely difficult to host refugees, especially when resources are limited. The delegation of Mongolia recognizes that this is the case for other countries as well, and Mongolia would love to take the first steps regarding the erection of safe environments for these refugees.

Mongolia also has immigrants in countries such as South Korea, Japan, China, and the Czech Republic. 60% of Mongolian immigrants in these countries have signed contracts with their employers, which is very difficult. While the delegation of Mongolia is pleased with such a high figure, the country still feels that there can be more progress in documenting all refugees. This is a larger problem in China currently. China not only enslaves immigrants in their country, but they also discriminate against the minorities. While the delegation of Mongolia is aware that this happens in other countries, China has frequently been questioned about accusations similar to discrimination and persecution of migrant workers and refugees.

The delegation of Mongolia firmly believes that the first step in ensuring the safety of refugees is to document their entrances and movements in the country. One of the greatest obstacles in helping these refugees is the difficulty of locating persons in need. To secure the transport of immigrants and refugees into different countries, the delegation believes that it is best to establish a UN peacekeeping force to help refugees safely from one country to another. Mongolia believes that countries such as China should be warned of violating the rights of these citizens, and it should be clear that the UNHCR will enforce these rules. Mongolia has refugees in different countries, and the nation is looking forward to work with countries such as South Korea and the Czech Republic to ensure the safety of any migrating persons in these countries. The delegation of Mongolia also believes that the European Union is delaying the progress of these issues, and it is important to note that the relations between countries would be stronger if all refugees are taken care of.