The Kingdom of Morocco
Topic II: Human Trafficking in the Mediterranean- White Paper
Human trafficking, readily defined as the transportation of people by means of threat or coercion, has become of more active crimes in recent times, especially when conflict has grown significantly. With the rise of ISIS and the growth of terrorism, human trafficking has become prevalent in areas of conflict such as the Middle East. Human trafficking has drawn major attention in the Human Rights Council and rightfully so because, by forcefully transferring a person without their permissions, they are violating that person’s human right. Internationally, human trafficking has made a negative impact on security and border control in the Mediterranean region. Morocco plays an essential role in human trafficking because many smugglers have deemed the Mediterranean a great location to transport and receive. By doing so, one of the major routes they use for transportation is from North Africa, which is right in Morocco, to the Mediterranean region. With such direct contact with human trafficking, Morocco stands to fight against such crimes.
Due to its location, Morocco has become a destination for adults and infants alike who are subject to forced labor, forced prostitution, and sex trafficking. Many people enter Morocco illegally with the help from the smugglers who have to bear degrading, dehumanizing jobs and cannot even get payments, making it unfair in all levels. Not only is the country infamous for its reputation as one of the transit countries but its citizens are also subject to human trafficking. Some Moroccan girls as young as six become victims to sex trafficking and labor, enforcing physical and sexual abuse. The situation of human trafficking both in and outside of Morocco is very serious and though the Moroccan government is implementing policies to prevent further damage, there is still a lot to do to clean up the chaos.
One of the recommendations for Morocco is to implement a legislation that would prohibit all forms of trafficking and enforce a severe penalty to those who break this law. Investigations regarding any trafficking would be greatly increased and no crime would go unpunished. Finally, in order to educate the mass, the government would enforce more awareness campaigns regarding the situation by addressing the topic in a concise and orderly manner. Many committees in the UN such as UN Women and the Ministry of Justice and Liberties have partnered to combat against this and recently drafted a new law that could bring hope to Morocco. The drafted law states that UN Women would adopt “specific legislative measure that prioritize the survivors and criminalize human trafficking.” (Huffington Post, UN Women) It also recommends that there be more public awareness campaigns.
Morocco understands and acknowledges the chaotic situation that the country is in right now regarding human trafficking. This phenomenon continues to reach its climax and the government is doing what it can to prevent further empowerment. As such, Morocco proposes that other committees partner together, exactly how UN Women and the Ministry of Justice and Liberties had done, to come up with more plans to stop trafficking. This does not concern merely the Human Rights Council, it extends to other committees such as the UNODC. Depending on the particular circumstance, human trafficking overlaps with other issues such as terrorism and illegal immigration. As it concerns everyone, it should involve everyone in the process of potentially finding an answer. Additionally, Morocco suggests that countries that have more contact with human trafficking have increased investigations and more support from the police and the UN. By attacking the major hotspots, it could possibly decrease the percentage of human trafficking prevailing in the world today.