I. Serbian Question, White Paper
The nation of Hungary believes that the topic of Serbia and the former Yugoslavia is one of great importance during these times, and that the peaceful resolution of conflict in this region is of high priority. It is critical that a solution is found in a timely manner, as central Europe as a whole is in a time-sensitive predicament. We stress that we are interested in seeing a peaceful, negotiated agreement on former Yugoslavia’s future that is based on the right of all peoples to self-determination. It must also guarantee the full realization of human and minority rights, the creation of conditions of democracy, and the application of generally accepted European norms. Hungary will continue to work for the further development of good relations and cooperation with Yugoslavia, and we will respect any democratically reached agreement on its future. We are aware of the cultural differences between the countries and the painful difficulties of a break-up, and we remember the history of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy’s struggles to run and preserve a multi-nation state. It is because of this that we suggest a compromise of sorts.
As a neighbor to Yugoslavia and a past regional power, the result of this conflict is tied to Hungary. As such, the General Assembly must consider the wellbeing of the civilians in and around Yugoslavia, and thus must find a peaceful resolution. Even before declarations of independence in the area, we warned of the dangers of armed conflict, and this danger is just as present now. This armed conflict will harm civilians significantly more than help them, and Hungary continues to support finding an alternative peaceful way to resolve the conflict. Hungary feels an almost personal responsibility for the wellbeing of people that are forced out of their homes in this conflict, and the many that are held in a hostage-like status. Human rights of the people in this region are violated, particularly the people of Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Hungary knows from the history of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy the difficulties of running and preserving multi-nation states. Perhaps more so the painful consequences of break-up. We take the principle of self-determination seriously, and we are aware of the political and cultural differences between the nations of Yugoslavia and their conflicting interests. Taking that into account, we believe that a confederation may be a good compromise: full internal independence but a common economic space, currency, customs, and the freedom to choose how far to coordinate foreign and defence policy. In our opinion, the establishment of such a Confederation should go along with the restoration of the autonomous status of both Kosovo and the Vojvodina. As a nation, Hungary feels responsibility for the wellbeing of Hungarians in former Yugoslavia. We call for strong western pressure to stop the use of force. If Moscow would also join in such pressure, the chances would greatly improve.