Committee: Ad-Hoc Committee on International Justice
Topic 3: Curtailing of International Crime Syndicates
Country: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
School: Verona Area High School
Delegate: Ms. Elisabeth Cartwright
In an increasingly globalized world, the issue of transnational organized crime has become increasingly important. International crime syndicates do not respect national borders – they view them as no more than minor inconveniences in their quest to build a profitable global criminal organization. As such, the United Kingdom fully recognizes the need for a solution that also transcends borders. The U.K. urges the international community to develop multilateral and coordinated national policies that address all sources of international crime syndicates’ funding, including drug and human trafficking.
One of the most profitable sources of income for transnational crime syndicates is the illegal drug trade. The OECD estimates that in 1993, $85 million in drug profits was laundered through the financial markets. Clearly, eliminating this source of revenue must be a priority. The United Kingdom recognizes that full responsibility for curtailing drug trafficking cannot be placed on either the destination or source countries; rather, the international community must establish bilateral plans between drug source and destination regions in order to fully address the problem. First, source countries require the necessary resources to address the root of the drug trafficking trade. These resources come in several forms, including expertise, training for law enforcement, funding, and physical resources such as patrol ships and planes, which are crucial for enforcement. It is the responsibility of destination countries, which are often wealthier, to help provide source countries with these resources. Furthermore, source countries must commit to taking action to lower the supply of drugs flowing from within their borders. Through strengthened law enforcement and comprehensive national laws, source countries can reduce the amount of drugs being produced within their borders, and provide alternative economic opportunities to drug farmers. However, the United Kingdom, realizing that reduction for supply and demand go in hand, urges destination countries to implement laws and programs that discourage drugs use. Such initiatives should include preventive measures such as youth education and media campaigns, along with reactive measures such as treatment and rehabilitation for addicts. Only with reduced supply and demand, and coordination between destination and source countries, can the world hope to deprive international crime syndicates of revenue from the illicit trade in drugs.
Furthermore, the international community must also seek to address the issue of human trafficking. The United Kingdom urges the world to see this as not only is this a source of significant revenue for transnational criminal organizations, but a horrific abuse of human rights that has no place in the modern world. As such, the United Kingdom believes that it is the duty of the international community to both prevent and punish human trafficking. In terms of prevention, international cooperation is crucial in shutting down supply chains. Coordination between law enforcement and border agencies, in addition to information sharing between nations will lead to a connected international community better able to track and respond to syndicates engaging in trafficking. In addition to this, nations must strengthen their laws for prosecuting traffickers, so that the perpetrators are properly punished, and there are adequate means of deterrence in place to prevent crime syndicates from turning to human trafficking.