Topic Two: The Threat of Nuclear Proliferation– White Paper
As the only nation to have been attacked with nuclear weapons in the history of humankind, Japan is no stranger to the inexplicable suffering caused by nuclear technology. As such, Japan recommends that the Security Council consider a few possible routes of action to reduce nuclear proliferation on just terms for all parties involved.
Though the people of Japan recognize the abundant existence of nuclear warheads in various nations, the Japanese people long to discuss and pursue policies of disarmament to reduce the likelihood of future attacks. Japan would be willing to engage in periodic, international conferences discussing reasonable benchmarks for reduction in nuclear stockpiles. Said conferences would take place on a biannual basis, with the goal of reaching agreements to both disarm nuclear powers and preemptively prevent nuclear proliferation. Yet another potential method Japan would be open to discussing is the use of the International Atomic Energy Agency and other organizations within the United Nations’ infrastructure to verify compliance in non-proliferation.
Japan also recognizes that a significant impediment to reducing the threat of nuclear proliferation is the intractable refusal of certain nations to reduce their stockpiles. This refusal in turn prevents nations seeking peace from doing so as well. To properly motivate the disarmament and reduction in proliferation, the emperor of Japan hopes to discuss solutions that provide incentives for previously stubborn nations possessing nuclear stockpiles to reduce their arms. Within reason, economic and political rewards in exchange for countries that agree to halt the proliferation of nuclear weapons would be a solution to consider within the Security Council. Conversely, Japan emphasizes the importance of considering punishments for nations that treat their nuclear program as nonnegotiable such as sanctions and revocation of United Nations privileges. Still, Japan would like to be cautious, as Japan recognizes that excessive punishment can lead to anger, resentment, and disobedience.
As a signatory on the United Nations Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the Japanese delegation believes it is paramount that non-nuclear weapons states remain committed to not developing or possessing nuclear weapons. Moreover, to achieve progress toward achieving this goal, Japan would be interested in cooperating with the nuclear states that signed on the treaty to abstain from aiding non-nuclear states in developing nuclear technology. Japan recognizes the difficulty of reducing nuclear stockpiles for nations that have amassed large quantities of these weapons. Nevertheless, Japan would like to aid in mediating agreements between the five signatories obligated to reduce their nuclear stockpiles that find feasible compromise. For example, Japan would be open to discussing the merit of simultaneous disarmament in which nuclear powers agree to reduce their stockpiles by a certain proportion on the same date. This small but significant gesture is one that can show the world that the threat of nuclear proliferation is a preoccupation of the past, resolved by the United Nations as it seeks instead the proliferation of peace.