African Union 2017
Southwest High School
White Paper Topic 2: Addressing Climate Change and Food Scarcity
The world is changing due to climate change. Drops in water levels, damage to agriculture, and threats to ecosystems are all real issues impacting Africa due to the change in Earth’s atmosphere. While some may refuse to admit it, climate change is an extremely real and critical problem. The change in temperature can lead to production of crops like wheat decreasing significantly in Africa. On top of that, hunger is a very prominent problem sweeping the continent of Africa and climate change has done nothing to help it.
With climate change becoming an extremely pressing topic, Benin is facing issues with food security and agriculture. Benin is a country that relies on agriculture for both food production and economic growth, an industry that is being threatened by climate change. Over 90% of the agriculture practiced in Benin is subsistence farming, where there is little to no surplus of goods. Some of Benin’s largest imports are rice and other food to feed the starving country. Programs like NERICA and The Hunger Project are working towards helping this food crisis specifically in Benin. It was found that the production of rice could drop 25% in Benin due to climate change factors in the next couple of decades. The damage done by climate change to the country of Benin is both enormous and startling, making it a bigger problem to tackle. Benin has several policies and laws in the works addressing climate change as well as new programs. The Green Climate Fund has become an important part of addressing climate change and Benin is extremely grateful for the funding provided by them.
Benin is ready to commit to education the people of her country in eco-friendly sustainability. Furthermore, Benin hopes to expand the role of women in farming and development. These advances being made have been supported and carried out and Benin hopes that other countries will follow in a similar fashion. The African Union can stand strong together, however Benin feels that continuing and strengthening the development cooperation between MDCs and LDCs is essential in order to get anything done. Benin has received helpful aid from Germany through the development cooperation. A partnership with the EU could potentially be a solution in aiding climate change. Benin suggests that the continuation of SDGs play a part in improving the continent of Africa as a whole. Benin has also received generous assistance from The Hunger Project. There are 18 epicenters (dynamic center of community mobilization and action) of the Hunger Project located all over Benin. These epicenters are placed in a cluster of rural villages where thousands of people are brought together. Programs like these epicenters and other NGOs have proven to be effective in educating and providing for the people. Therefore, Benin urges other countries to both prioritize and personalize their steps towards sustainability and to work together in order to move towards a continuous future.