Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY PR China Ad-Hoc 1994 - Topic 3


single post cover

Committee: Ad Hoc

Topic: Curtailing of International Crime

Syndicates

Country: China

Delegate: Lauren Haydin

 

China’s first centuries were spent under dynastic control, starting with the Xia Dynasty in 2100 BC. The Shang Dynasty then took control, and succeeding them, the Zhou Dynasty both Eastern and Western. The Warring States period created seven sovereign states, but ended shortly after beginning with the Imperialistic Period. During the Imperialistic period, many Dynasties ruled China, slowly starting to change the way the nation was ruled. The Qing dynasty is the last dynasty to rule China. The dynastic power of the Qing lead to civil unrest, which then lead to several uprisings, the one that ended the dynastic rule being the Xinhai Revolution. After dynastic rule came the nationalist party (Kuomintang). During World War II, Japan committed a series of atrocious war crimes against Chinese citizens resulting in around 20 million deaths, creating the long lasting feud between China and Japan. Within this war, China, along with the UK, US, and Soviet Union, allied against Japan forming the “Big Four”. This alliance made Japan surrender,  returning Taiwan to China’s control. After World War II, civil war began again between the communists and the Kuomintang, ultimately resulting in the victory of the communist party which holds its place in the government of China to this day.

 

International Crime Syndicates refer to an individual who is associated with internationally operating illegally in order to gain power, money, wealth, etc. Many of these organizations use violent and illegal methods to gain power and control, which put the citizens of many nations at risk. But because of the transnational status of these individuals, the crimes are not easily prosecuted. Ever since 1914, the initiative to combat international crime has been in place. Many committees and resolutions have been established to created an environment for these crimes to be properly dealt with. The most important being INTERPOL, which is currently severely underfunded, hindering its abilities to help with these crime syndicates. The main crime syndicates that occur include drug, human, and animal trafficking, all of which put the health and safety of civilians at risk. In the past, China has noticed and been overwhelmed with the amount of criminal activity within its borders. One huge crime syndicate found within China’s borders is called the Triad, which especially consist of illegal human trafficking and violence, putting the lives of their civilians on the line. China has recognized  the immediate danger of the crime syndicates within its nation and would like to see an end to the violence and destruction they have been causing.

 

Currently, China is working within its borders to control the violence and illegal trafficking through security forces. However, China struggles to find cross-border police or security force help from other nations. China is working on containing the issues within its borders, and is also trying to discover ways to financially help INTERPOL so the committee can continue to put an end to the illegal trafficking going on transnationally within and outside of China’s borders.

 

In the Future, China looks for help from the UN to supply funding to INTERPOL in order to decrease the amount of crime syndicates found in China to ensure the safety of the Chinese citizens. China will continue to implement force from the Public Security Bureau and PLA. China will also continue to enforce its Anti-Triad laws specifically in big cities like Hong Kong and Beijing. China looks towards the Ad Hoc committee and the UN to help establish international laws against the crime syndicates that are ruling the grounds of their country.

 

Works Cited-

 

http://www.cfr.org/transnational-crime/global-regime-transnational-crime/p28656

 

http://factsanddetails.com/china/cat8/sub50/item300.html

 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256028010_Organized_Crime_'Control'_in_Asia_Experiences_from_India_China_and_the_Golden_Triangle