Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY PR China UNSC 1994 - Topic 1


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Committee: Historical Security Council

Country: China

Topic: Rwanda

Delegate: Danielle Lemay

 

China is a country with a rich political history and significance in the global community. The beginning of China’s cooperative society began in 21st century BC with the emergence of dynasties. The first governments were experimental and primitive compared to today’s standards, but it developed over time. The first emperor was Ying Zheng who is looked upon in history as the first uniting figure of the country because he unified the language, currency, and measurements. Many dynasties came and went until the end of the Imperial Era in 1911. A turbulent period ensued until 1949 when Chairman Mao stabilized the economy and government and dubbed China the People’s Republic of China. China became a recognized and respected member of the international community with the creation of the Security Council and China’s veto power. In 1978, China entered a new era of phenomenal economic prosperity with reform policies. With continued global trade for China, a future of economic achievement is in sight.

 

China’s helpful presence in African countries and history of humanitarian aid there dates back to the 1950s where China began diplomatic relations with Egypt. China assisted Egypt by sending experts of various fields to assist in developing their government. China and Egypt have had cooperative economic and diplomatic relations since then. China has also developed relationships with many other African nations. China also assisted in the building of a railway between Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia in 1976 at China’s cost in order to break the path of travel through the apartheid South Africa. China is an adamant opposer to apartheid South Africa and considers it a moral obligation as well as a diplomatic one. In addition to China’s helpful history in Africa, China also has been a consistent force in recognizing and calling for the respect of a nation’s right to sovereignty. This rings true in the case of Rwanda today. China has always and will always discourage the

 

China understands that the situation is a dangerous one, but the most vital step in resolving international issues such as the conflict in Rwanda is to encourage peace talks, support the economy, and find a quick diplomatic solution. If the people as a collective government are going to emerge from this conflict as a strong contender in the international community, the government of Rwanda must be allowed to overcome their struggles without excessive support from the international community. A necessary boundary is forbidding any hasty militant actions of outside forces like the UN or other major nations. China is against the policy of Western nations to intrude and interrupt a nation during their time of crisis. However, China does support diplomatic solutions and interventions that don’t have a drastic effect on the economy of the area. It is necessary to preserve the political and economic sovereignty of the nation while still encouraging peaceful and quick resolutions.

 

In the future, China hopes to see the conflict in Rwanda solved quickly and peacefully. The danger inside the country is at risk of spilling out into the rest of the region which could prove disastrous for the struggling economies that have been climbing steadily and hopefully. China plans to continue trade and relations with Rwanda in order to support the government and economy.

 

China hopes for a resolution in this turbulent state of Africa. There are many complex factors that affect this situation such as economic well being, national sovereignty, and the need to create a safer world. China looks forward to peacefully cooperating with Rwanda, nearby African nations, and the international community to the best of China’s ability.

 

Works Cited

  1. Xiaoying, Zhang. "China Has a Long Record of Helping Africa | Zhang Xiaoying." Opinion. Guardian News and Media, 11 Dec. 2010. Web. 02 Dec. 2016. <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/dec/11/china-long-record-helping-africa>.

  2. Africa, The Conversation. "How and Why China Became Africa's Biggest Aid Donor." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2016. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/the-conversation-africa/how-and-why-china-became_b_9775722.html>.

  3. 范俊梅. "China and Africa's Relations Are Truly 'win-win'" China and Africa's Relations Are Truly 'win-win' - China.org.cn. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2016. <http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/2015-12/04/content_37232780.htm>.

"China in the Heart of Africa | Africa Renewal Online." United Nations. United Nations, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2016. <http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/january-2013/china-heart-africa>.