Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY Spain UNGA 1994 - Topic 1

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The raging conflict in the Balkans has concerned countries all over the world since the early 20th century. Towards the end of World War One, the Yugoslav committee and an opposing south slav group that was made up of opposing deputies in the Austro-Hungarian government were made to decided what happens next. The Yugoslav committee and the Serbians pushed towards a new South Slavic Republic led by Serbia, which eventually beat out the opposition and their wish of an Austro-Hungarian rule because of the possibility of war. What came out of this were 6 six republics under the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which included Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. When Slobodan Milosevic came into power in Serbia in the 1980’s he wanted to annex the region of Kosovo; however, because of this oppression Kosovo declared its independence in 1990. In 1991 ethnic conflicts arose, and all six republics along with two autonomous regions declared independence. Because none of these now independent states recognized each other, a series of wars were started and are still being fought between a large amount of the now independent states.


Spain’s relationship with Serbia dates back to 1916 when diplomatic relations were established, and there have been steady relations ever since. More notably Spain's contributions to the Bosnian war, although not thoroughly recognized, are currently vital parts of the U.N peacekeeping mission. Spain has volunteered more than eight thousand spanish military personnel to carry out armed escorts and keep peace in the region during this conflict. There must be no mistake that keeping peace in this region is a priority in the eyes of the Spanish delegation. In fact the city of Barcelona in Spain has recently signed an agreement of friendship and cooperation to the city of Sarajevo in Bosnia. It is very present that Spain’s top priority is to make sure that peace is secure in the Balkan Region.


It is in spain's best interest to protect the peacekeepers already out in the field, not only the soldiers from Spain, but from all other countries that have participated. To do this it is necessary that these people have the needed materials to stabilize the region. Spain proposes that every single country within Europe not directly affected by this war should contribute any possible aid to allow peace in the region. This can be anything from the donation of food, to the donation of soldiers, or housing refugees. It is also important to remember that this is not just an effort that should be limited to Europe. Eventually what comes out of this war will affect almost every single country in the General Assembly, if not all. Trade, diplomatic relations, and so much more will come out of these countries in the future, so furthermore it is important that the region is stabilized into peace, before these countries can fully join the rest of the world in peaceful relations.