Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY Madagascar UNGA 1994 - Topic 3


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Molly Solem and Tim Steves

Highland Park High School

Madagascar

Historical General Assembly (1994)

Topic III: Question of Palestine

White Paper

The conflict between Israel and Palestine has been longstanding. Border disputes and the question of division of land have always been a source for internal conflict within the region. The UN first became involved in the area in 1947 through a committee called UNSCOP with the goal of coming to a peaceful resolution for the division of land in the region. Many now believe that the original division of land was unfairly biased towards Israel, and that the Palestinian people were unequally represented. This belief became the source of various armed conflicts beginning almost immediately after this plan was enacted in 1948 with the Israeli War for Independence. This conflict resulted in many Palestinian people fleeing Israel as refugees and ended with Israel expanding her territory. Other examples of significant historical disputes in the region are The Suez Crisis in 1956, The Six Day War in 1967 and The Yom Kippur War 1973. More than 200,000 Israelis moved into Palestinian land, at least 300,000 Palestinians fled the region, Israel returned the Sinai Canal to Egypt and signed a peace deal establishing diplomatic representation within both nations, and Israel signed a 5 year deal with the Palestinian Liberation Organization agreeing to peace in the area in exchange for the open discussion of concerning issues between both parties as a result of these various conflicts.

Consequently, Israeli troops still occupy the land they obtained after the 6 day War despite the Geneva Convention and the Hague declaring that this occupation is illegal. Because of the confusion of land occupation, these regions have been struggling to establish a strong economy and are now impoverished. Palestinian radicalism has threatened the governments of bordering countries and led to the creation of a political militant organization known as Hamas. The recent creation of Hamas has increased political unrest and danger in the region including the Afula bus suicide bombing in April of 1994, which killed 8 Israeli civilians and injured 55 others and the Dizengoff street bus bombing, the deadliest suicide bombing in Israeli history killing 22 Israelis and injuring 50 others. It has become necessary for the UNGA to intervene and help create peace between the nations of Israel and Palestine. Madagascar supports the creation of a treaty clearly outlining the separation of borders that reflects the population in these areas which would result in decreased conflict and help each nation establish a stronger economy, ultimately reducing poverty. Madagascar also finds it imperative that actions be taken to dismantle Hamas, reducing fear and violence in the region. In conclusion, Madagascar urges the UNGA to aid in the creation of a fair division of borders and implement a plan to discourage the growth of Hamas and other radicalist groups in the area.