Position Paper / White Paper

LEGACY Nigeria ECOSOC 2016 - Topic 1

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Nigeria is empathetic to protecting the human rights of refugees, as we know first hand the struggles of refugees. The attacks of Boko Haram have been prominent in Nigeria since 2009. The group has been diligent in the north of Nigeria trying to inflict Islamic law as being the only law in Nigeria. The group is also trying to exclude all non-islamic education in the country. The attacks of Boko Haram has caused a refugee crisis similar to the current Syrian refugee crisis. The United Nations refugee chief António Guterres asked his agency for $71 million , but as of March 2015 has only received $6.8 million. According to the UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) 1.8 million people in northern Nigeria have moved due to the conflicts involving Boko Haram. There has been an influx of elderly, children, pregnant women, infants and nursing women, all of which need help and basic human necessity which are lacking due to the lack of funds and resources.  2.4 million people in north-eastern Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger have been displaced because of Boko Haram. The UNHCR and UN Refugee Agency are currently working towards ensuring refugees have protection, shelter and education. Though the influx of refugees  has stabilized, the economy in the area which has caused a decline in fishing herding, farming and regional trade.  Thought the UNHCR has been working diligently in protecting and ensuring refugees have the basic necessitates they need to survive during this time, it is unfortunate that this crisis can be overlooked for similar crises like the Syrian Crisis. While the Syrian Crisis is also a large issue, the overlooking of the crisis in Nigeria in surrounding countries is unjust. The economical state of the country makes it easy to overlook the importance and urgency in which this crisis needs to be treated.