Committee: UN General Assembly 1994
Topic: Serbian Question
Country: People’s Republic of China
Delegates: Kailie Garey and Bridget Ralson
Relations with Serbia have yet to be initiated. Although no relations have been established, China has shown support for the United Nations’ peace efforts that uphold national sovereignty. Notwithstanding, China currently isn’t a part of the conflict in Serbia, in the past, China has provided aid and resources to growing regions such as Africa. In 1990, China sent money and aid to Africa when they elected to gain the United Nations peacekeeping responsibility stated in Article 24, Chapter V of the U.N. Charter States. In the 1990s, China implemented a “peaceful rise policy” this policy was enacted to make sure China’s power was used responsibly. To further, since the late 1980s China has been in support of the United Nations and the United Nations Peacekeeping Organization (UNPKO), again as long as they get the countries approval. In 1989, the People’s Republic of China joined the United Nations special Peacekeeping Committee and joined United Nations Transitional Assistance Group. In 1990, China sent representatives to the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization for a year and a half. 1993 was the first time China had sent 800 engineering troops for the UNPKO to the United Nations Transitional Administration in Cambodia. As stated above, in the past several years China has really embraced a more powerful role in the United Nations and has become a model nation for other active United Nation Members.
Presently, China has made no physical actions in the Balkan states, and has been staying neutral though this conflict. Although no action has been personally taken, China is supporting the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) as long as national sovereignty is upheld. China is in favor of the humanitarian side of UNPROFOR, any invasion into the country is greatly animadverted by China. To continue, China feels if UNPROFOR is all boots on the ground then they are imposing on a country's sovereignty, the President of Serbia has countlessly stated that Serbia does not support military action in Serbia and wants peace. Although China is in some support, China has been focusing on the economy and well being of our country for the time being. Due to the fact, the people of China are very patriotic with a focus on economy and the well-being of the country. On that basis, Peace is needed in this region but more importantly national sovereignty must be upheld. National sovereignty is one of the most important ideals of China due to the Nationalistic view of the people. Accordingly, China believes the best way to uphold sational sovereignty between countries is through peace treaties outlining sovereignty between nations, borders, and other possible conflicts. China currently believes that the UNPROFOR is the best way to send in humanitarian aid, but treaties are needed to be made.
To solve this conflict, China is in support of the UNPROFOR, but will not be militarily aiding this organization or militarily backing any country, due to the reasons above. Though, China believes in order for the protection of civilians, peace treaties must be established to limit the deaths due to armed conflict. In these treaties, nations should clearly define their national sovereignty, outline borders, treatment of refugees, and should seek aid in various United Nation sponsored organizations. The United Nations should also address the violation of humanitarian rights and give the nations to deal with these violations as they see fit. China deems establishing peace and sovereignty in the Balkan region as the end goal, not just between the different states but within these states. In order to establish peace there is a need for peace treaties to be formed, but diplomatically. This can be done by holding a peace conference similar to the one held post World War One, get all of the countries and states to diplomatically solve their problems without fighting and so nations can come to a compromise. China urges a diplomatic solution to this conflict. Once this conflict has been solved China hopes to establish stronger relationships in this region of the world.
China will not be sending physical help in this conflict, but urges countries to seek a diplomatic solution. In doing so, the Balkan states should consider all of the possible aspects of a treaty to insure a successful relationship between each other. For example, stressing their national sovereignty should be the main aspect of a treaty, but also how to maintain peace, outlining specific borders between nations, and determining the relationship between the countries. With bringing peace to the nations of the Balkan states, it will open up the region to various trade deals and an economy boost from said trade. Keeping in mind the end goal of this conflict is peace and sovereignty.
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