Committee: 1994 United Nations Security Council
Topic: The Serbian Question
Country: The Sultanate of Oman
Since the beginnings of Yugoslavia, unrest and religious tension has increased dramatically, and is at its current state, a war. The delegation of Oman wishes to condemn the actions of the Bosnian Serbs, and calls for an immediate cease-fire from all sides. Equally alarming, is the ethnic cleansing that is occurring in this region which Oman refuses to condone, as well as the inexcusable systematic raping of women. Being a small country in a strategic location, Oman understands the concerns of sovereignty in this issue, and hopes to achieve a peaceful solution that ends the fighting, ethnic cleansing and human rights violations while respecting the sovereignty of all countries involved. Up to this date, the Serbs have ignored all past Security Council resolutions and continue to carry out violations of the basic humanitarian standards of international law. This delegation believes strongly that in time, the Serbs must be taken accountable for their actions. Oman recognizes that this conflict is one of many factors: religion, ethnicity, sovereignty, independence and equality and calls for the Security Council to respect each and every one of these ideas when creating solutions for this complicated issue.
To create peace in this region will be a difficult task, but the delegation of Oman believes there are several solutions that will effectively contribute to a peaceful end. First and foremost, would be ending the arms embargo in place against Bosnia and Herzegovina. This would allow for sovereignty and give Bosnia and Herzegovina the ability to defend themselves and their people. The delegation of Oman fully believes that in addition to lifting embargo, dialogue must continue to occur between the warring nations. While it is imperative that these words turn into actions, communication about the needs and wants of the countries involved will help speed the process to peace. Oman calls for fellow members of the Security Council to realize that Bosnia and Herzegovina seek to live in peace with their neighbors, but only call on us to allow them the legitimate right to defend themselves and their ideals.
The Sultanate of Oman additionally wishes to stress the importance of not sending in foreign troops. This will only cause more resentment of the people residing in the area and potentially force outside nations to take sides. Sovereignty is key in this situation, and it is best if the warring nations be given it. To add on, it is not in the best interest of the international community to endanger their people by sending them to fight against a group that does not follow basic humanitarian standards that accompany international law.
Oman is not directly affected by this conflict, but wishes for peace in the world. Sending in more troops would only worsen the situation, and by lifting the arms embargo, the national community would be killing two birds with one stone: let the nations involved defend themselves, and avoid encroaching on sovereignty at the same time. The delegation of Oman would like to emphasise their sense of understanding. Oman’s location and size have left this delegation scrambling for its own sovereignty at times as well, but warring is no way to resolve an issue of this context. The Bosnian Serbs must be appropriately punished for their actions but even more important is recognizing the sovereignty of countries which in turn will allow peace to eventually overcome the region.