Cloda McCormack, O Globo
(EDITORIAL) The resolutions coming out of the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL) in the next few hours will have major impact on the future Brazilian actions taken on climate change.
The committee of SPECPOL, working on passing at least one resolution regarding climate change, and more specifically, the aftermath of the Paris Agreement in our world, does not seem to be close to voting on a resolution anytime soon.
Some of the most substantial issues with a number of resolutions currently in the works include issues with the taxation. The representative of Thailand, in response, has promised the creation of “an amendment to switch the 18 percent taxing on carbon emissions to 9.5 percent,” in hopes of alleviating concerns with their paper.
The representative of Kyrgyzstan brought up a previously disregarded point, reminding the committee that “although the main focus of the committee and many resolutions is to help the least developed countries of the world, however we will not be able to pass anything tomorrow at the meeting of the entire General Assembly, where larger, more developed P5 countries will be present.”
After many nations brought up countless issues with clauses and sub-clauses of numerous working papers, the representative of Spain left the committee with a single question: “What good will your paper do in the end, if it doesn’t actually do anything at all?”
Climate change is an issue that in recent years has been beginning to cause more and more uproar throughout our country, and as we are home to both the Amazon Rainforest and the Cerrado savanna, we are undoubtedly highly essential in efforts to fight climate change. Though in past years Brazil has made some of the largest strides in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, reforesting the Amazon and becoming a crucial producer of sustainable biofuels, the recent election of Jair Bolsonaro may change that.
Bolsonaro mentioned few things about climate change during his campaign, but what he did say was striking. His agenda includes, but is not limited to, putting many of the administrative and regulatory duties of the Ministry of the Environment and relaxing the laws on deforestation in the Amazon. However, he has gone back on his earlier promise of leaving the Paris Agreement, abandoning plans to follow in the footsteps of the United States. With that recent event, we, as a country, cannot be certain on what Bolsonaro actions will be pertaining to global climate change. Hopefully, the passage of a new resolution by SPECPOL will influence him, one way or another.