CIMUN Chronicle / Article / 2016

Nuclear Disarmament in the Middle East


IPD Article Image - Nuclear Disarmament in the Middle East

By:Jasmine Lafita, EuroNews

    Nuclear weapons have been a looming threat   since the first use of the atomic bomb in 1945, we are now faced with a new problem, different from that of our past: nuclear disarmament. Many countries have started to push for this issue, including Ireland, Mexico, Brazil, and others. At the heart of this issue lies the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), more commonly referred to as  the Iran Nuclear Deal.


    This deal, made with the United States and European Union in July of 2015, limits Iran’s amount of uranium and ability to enrich said uranium to a level that makes them unable to make nuclear weapons. 

    

    In May 2018, President Donald Trump pulled the United States out of JCPOA, leaving sanctions targeting Iranian oil exports. President Trump said in an address to the people of the US, “This was a horrible one-sided deal that should have never, ever been made. It didn’t bring calm, it didn’t bring peace, and it never will.”


    Iran has been finding ways around these sanctions, and has begun to smuggle oil past American sanctions, making the US look weak. Iran has set up deliveries around the Mediterranean and throughout Asia. 


    After the US left the nuclear deal, Iran suspended its commitments as well, and has begun to attack ships in the Persian Gulf. To counteract this, the US staged a cyberattack that destroyed one of Iran’s databases. To retaliate, Iran piloted a drone to attack an oil tankard in Saudi Arabia. 

    

    Tensions have been rising between the United States and Iran , and it looks as the conflict is just beginning.