By Sanders Green, RIA Novosti
The Syrian civil war, which began in 2011, has created an insatiable demand for humanitarian aid that persists to this day. According to humanitarian organization World Vision, around 13.5 million people in Syria need some form of assistance. The groups in conflict have not only made it physically perilous for Syrians, but socially and economically unstable. These dangers have turned many Syrian civilians into refugees seeking safety in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and other countries.
The two main focuses of assistance are on Syrian refugees and citizens who remain in the country. Their immediate needs include food, shelter and safety. Their long-term needs are more complicated, and they include access to education, political stability and a consistent infrastructure.
Other countries and organizations are exploring whether they can assist Syria, and if so, to what degree. Its bordering countries are facing pressure, in deciding how many refugees they can and will accept. Countries already hosting refugees bear the pressure of knowing they are one of the few options for fleeing Syrians. Before accepting more, they must consider the well-being of their current refugees, as well as their own citizens. These questions will face scrutiny in the approaching discussions between countries on the state of this Syrian crisis.