On the morning of Nov. 30, the U.N. Security Council engaged in heated debate over the topic of denuclearization, and currently aims to pass resolution papers in tandem between both the non-aligned bloc and the NATO bloc.
While the Security Council’s initial topic of debate was the safeguarding of non-nuclear states, many nations became sidetracked by the broader issue of global denuclearization. Disputes between historically divided nations, like Pakistan and India, brought up their individual uses for nuclear weapons for defense, scare tactics and conflict.
Permanent 5 (P5) nations of the Security Council like the U.S., China and the U.K. stressed the importance of denuclearization, as well as the importance of restricting the creation of nuclear weapons in more “unstable” nations, as stated by the U.K. representative. Nations of the non-aligned bloc found this offensive to the technological advances that come with the creation of nuclear weapons and viewed the more powerful nations’ abilities to create and restrict nuclear weapons as unjust. However, after agreeing that no current resolution could be passed concerning either bloc’s views on nuclear proliferation or the lack thereof, the council moved back to the initial topic.
The representative of Hungary, who had previously questioned the possibility of passing both bloc’s resolutions in tandem, seemed to have had a change of heart as she pushed for passing both papers. As focus shifted from nuclear weapons to safeguarding non-nuclear states, the council was able to find common ground. Both Hungary and the P5 states agreed to remove certain controversial clauses concerning denuclearization from their papers in order to eventually pass their papers in tandem, solely on the topic of safeguarding non-nuclear states.
Elsewhere, the U.N. General Assembly debates a similar topic, as it attempts to come to an agreement on the question of general and complete disarmament. Certain delegates from the G.A. have come to speak to the Security Council and, while they have clearly stated their views, they have not yet come to a final decision on the topic.
While the council remains divided on the looming topic of nuclearization and its prevention, it seems to be making strides toward passing resolution papers on the topic of international safeguards for non-nuclear states, so that it can tackle the remaining topics throughout the rest of the weekend.