CIMUN Chronicle / Article / 1994

A Divided Security Council

IPD Article Image - A Divided Security Council

By Ajay Jejurikar, Sydney Morning Herald

At the moment, countries in the U.N. Security Council (UNSC) cannot agree on how to diminish the crisis of worldwide nuclearization.

The representatives of China, the U.S., the U.K., and France formed a draft resolution promoting worldwide denuclearization. “We condemn the use of nuclear weapons in any scenario,” explained the delegate of China.

China’s draft resolution encourages countries to decrease their nuclear arsenals by 10 percent each year. Furthermore, the resolution aims at worldwide denuclearization in the future. “By gradually diminishing our arsenals, we can eventually live in a world without nuclear weapons,” stated the representative of the United States.

Nevertheless, several smaller countries in the UNSC oppose this draft resolution. “The resolution does not set specific dates for when denuclearization will occur. Therefore, we cannot consider it,” stated the represenative of India. Additionally, several countries noted that the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council were insensitive to the needs of smaller nations. “The U.K.’s comment that smaller nations must 'trust' larger nations is frankly deplorable,” stated the representative of Senegal.

With this in mind, many smaller nations, including Senegal, Denmark, and Hungary, wrote a working paper that protects non-nuclearized nations and condemns the use of nuclear weapons. “We firmly believe that nuclear weapons should not be used in any scenario,” said the representative of Brazil.

In addition, Senegal’s working paper defined nuclear weaponry as a “machine of self-deterrence.” Due to this clause, the working paper has received fierce criticism from permanent nations on the Security Council. “We believe that this clause supports the use of nuclear weapons for self-defense. Therefore, we cannot support this working paper,” explained the representative of China.

As debate continues in the Security Council, member states must reach a reasonable compromise if they hope to diminish global nuclearization.